What Is the Difference between Autism and High Functioning Asperger’s Syndrome?
Both autism and Asperger’s syndrome are very similar conditions. This article contains some traits that will help you to understand the differences between the two.
To start with, there are four areas of the conditions that are very comparable. Both of which have been extensively researched by Ehlers and Gillberg in 1998. Learning to define those four areas will be a huge helper when determining if the sufferer has a high functioning Asperger’s Syndrome, or a lower level of autism. Also, knowing that they are so similar will help you to be more aware that an advanced level of Asperger’s syndrome is something that can happen at an older age in your child or loved one.
The Levels of Cognitive Function
Neither Asperger’s or autism can be viewed as one syndrome that has no other complications or learning disabilities associated with them. It is however; more common for those that are sufferers of Asperger’s alone to suffer more with other learning disabilities. It is also known that if someone has an IQ below the levels f 65-7- then a high functioning form of autism (Asperger’s syndrome) cannot occur. From this factor, it is a good idea perhaps to just perform a simple IQ test on those that are suspected of having either syndrome. IQ is still controversial among the medical professionals that study this topic in depth, but it could also be a pointer that can help you to decide.
Motor Skills of Sufferers
Recently, professionals in the medical field have established that Asperger’s syndrome can only occur in sufferers that have problems with motor skills. Most kids that have the more advanced form of autism had very bad coordination when it came to using motor skills, and fine motor control posed a huge issue for them. Because of this, the two become harder to diagnose when looking at this sole area of expertise.
Developing Language (Speech)
This is a very controversial area among medical professionals because spoken language is usually normal in Asperger’s suffers, whereby, autistic children, usually suffer a delay in language. Asperger’s too though seems to be presented with funny language. Sometimes those that are diagnosed with Asperger’s are so at such an old age, that looking back, it can be hard to recall that language was ever an issue. Language development is hard to define between autism and Asperger’s syndrome. You need to observe these 2 particular areas closely.
The Age That the Condition Is Recognisable
Each of the two conditions can be defined between and diagnosed at an early age, and throughout all the development stages of childhood. Usually autism is the first to be diagnosed, and then when they reach school age, a diagnosis of Asperger’s syndrome can be made. This is because it is not clear just how advanced the autism is, until the child is faced with having to interact with other children in a classroom environment. Social skills do not become apparent, until the child has to spend a large number of hours in social settings, such as a classroom in the school.
So, as you can see both the conditions are very similar, and that makes it even more important that as a parent, or relative you closely monitor the sufferer. It is very important to be aware that autism can lead to Asperger’s later on down the line.